|  ISSN: 2757-6116

Original article | Journal of Innovative Research in Teacher Education 2023, Vol. 4(1) 17-30

An extended review on the relationship between the social studies teachers’ inclusive education awareness and social justice perceptions

Ünal Şimşek & Bahadır Kılcan

pp. 17 - 30   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/jirte.2023.531.2   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2206-08-0003.R1

Published online: March 19, 2023  |   Number of Views: 73  |  Number of Download: 431


This research aimed to review the relationship between the awareness of social studies teachers on inclusive education and their perceptions of social justice. This research designed with a relational survey model was carried out using quantitative research methods to collect data specific to both concepts and to reveal the relationship between them. The study group of the research consists of 148 social studies teachers assigned to public schools in the central district of Aksaray province and Mamak district of Ankara province as of the 2021-2022 academic year. “Awareness Scale for Inclusive Education” and “Social Justice Scales in Schools” were used as the data collection tools for this research. The questionnaires were applied via Google Forms due to the pandemic.  As a result of the research executed within the framework of various variables, it was concluded that there is a positive relationship between social studies teachers’ awareness of inclusive education and their perceptions of social justice. The reasons concerning the variables pointing to a significant difference as per the findings obtained in the current research may be revealed by collecting in-depth data through qualitative research designs. In addition, the relationship between social studies teachers' perceptions of inclusive education and social justice can be examined based on different variables.

Keywords: Social studies teachers, Inclusive education, Awareness, Social justice, Perception

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Simsek, U. & Kilcan, B. (2023). An extended review on the relationship between the social studies teachers’ inclusive education awareness and social justice perceptions . Journal of Innovative Research in Teacher Education, 4(1), 17-30. doi: 10.29329/jirte.2023.531.2

Simsek, U. and Kilcan, B. (2023). An extended review on the relationship between the social studies teachers’ inclusive education awareness and social justice perceptions . Journal of Innovative Research in Teacher Education, 4(1), pp. 17-30.

Chicago 16th edition
Simsek, Unal and Bahadir Kilcan (2023). "An extended review on the relationship between the social studies teachers’ inclusive education awareness and social justice perceptions ". Journal of Innovative Research in Teacher Education 4 (1):17-30. doi:10.29329/jirte.2023.531.2.



    Ainscow, M. (2005). Developing inclusive education systems: What are the levers for change? Journal of Educational Change, 6(2), 109-124. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10833-005-1298-4 Access Date: 29/05/2019

    Ainscow, M. (2015). Towards self-improving school systems: Lessons from a city challenge. London: Routledge.

    Alsbury, T. L., & Shaw. N. L. (2005). Policy implications for social justice in school district consolidation. Leadershipand Policy in Schools, 4, 105–126. https://doi.org/10.1080/15700760590965578

    Banks, J. A., Cookson, P., Gay, G., Hawley, W. D., Irvine, J. J., Nieto, S., Schofield, J. W. & Stephan, W. G. (2001). Diversity within unity: Essential principles for teaching and learning in a multicultural society. Phi Delta Kappan, 83(3),196- 203. Retrieved from https://www.uwyo.edu/education/_files/documents/diversity-articles/banks_2001.pdf Access Date: 15/03/2019

    Barton, L. (1995). The politics of education for all. Support for Learning 10(4), 156-160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9604.1995.tb00032.x

    Christensen, L. B., Johnson, R. B., & Turner, L. A. (2014). Research methods, design, and analysis (Twelfth edition), Pearson Education, Inc.

    Booth, T. (2005). Keeping the future alive: putting inclusive values into action. Forum, 47(2), 151–158. https://doi.org/10.2304/forum.2005.47.2.4

    Clark, J. S., & Camicia, S. P. (2017). Examining justice in social studies research. Pedagogy & (Im)possibilities across education research (PIPER), 1(1-14). https://doi.org/10.4148/2576-5795.1004

    Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000). Research methods in education. (5th ed.) London New York: Routledge Falmer.

    Çelik, V. (2013). Eğitimsel liderlik [Educational leadership]. Ankara: Pegem.

    Dyson, A. (1999). Inclusion and inclusions: theories and discourses in inclusive education. In Daniels, H., Garner, P. (Eds.), World Yearbook or Education (pp. 36-53). Kogan Page, London.

    Forlin, C. (2013). Changing paradigms and future directions for implementing inclusive education in developing countries. Asian Journal of Inclusive Education, 1(2),19- 31. Retrieved from https://ajiebd.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/chris_forlin_final.pdf Access Date: 10/04/2019

    Furman, G. C., & Shields, C. M. (2005). How can educational leaders promote and support social justice and democratic community in schools? In W. A. Firestone and C. Riehl. (Eds.), A new agenda for research in educational leadership (pp.119-137). New York: Teachers College Press.

    Gezer, M. (2018). Sosyal bilgiler eğitiminde sosyal adalet eğitimine kuramsal bir bakış [A theoretical perspective on justice education in social studies education social]. S. Dinçer (Ed), Değişen dünyada eğitim [Education in a changing world] in (ss. 309-322). Ankara: Pegem.

    Güler, Ö. (2021). Öğretmenlerin sosyal adalet liderliği ile öğrenci motivasyonu arasındaki ilişkiler [The Relationship Between Teachers' Social Justice Leadership Behaviors and Student Motivation]. (Unpublished Master's Thesis). Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 07/01/2022

    Hiebert, J., Gallimore, R., & Stigler, J.W. (2002). A knowledge base for the teaching profession: What would it look like and how can we get one? Educational Researcher, 31(5), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X031005

    Kılcan, B. & Şimşek,  Ü. (2021). Kapsayıcı eğitime yönelik farkındalık ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması [Developing Awareness Scale for Inclusive Education: A Validity and Reliability Study]. Anadolu Kültürel Araştırmalar Dergisi, 5(2), 120-130. https://doi.org/10.15659/ankad.v5i2.149

    Kortman, W. (2001, October). The indispensable role of special education. Paper presented at the Australian Association of Special Education, Melbourne.

    Messiou, K., Ainscow, M., Echeita, G., Goldrick, S., Hope, M., Paes, I., Sandoval, M., Simon, C., & Vitorino, T. (2016). Learning from differences: A strategy for teacher development in respect to student diversity. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 27(1), 45–61.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2014.966726

    Miller, D. (1999). Principles of social justice. Boston: Harvard University Press.

    Moriña, A. (2017). ‘We aren’t heroes, we’re survivors’: Higher education as an opportunity for students with disabilities to reinvent an identity. Journal of Further and Higher Education 41(2), 215-226. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2015.1070402

    Mullen, C. A. (2001). Disabilities awareness and the preservice teacher: A blueprint of a mentoring intervention. Journal of Education for Teaching, 27(1), 39-61. https://doi.org/10.1080/02607470120042537

    National Council for the Social Studies (1992). Expectations of excellence: Curriculum standards for social studies. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED378131.pdf Access Date: 07/01/2022

    Okşar, M. (2009). Sosyal adaletin onuncu köye sürgünü [The exile of social justice to the tenth village]. Ankara Barosu Dergisi, 67(2), 106-122. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/abd/issue/33769/373979 Access Date: 07/03/2021

    Patton, M. Q. (2005). Qualitative research. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Polat, F. (2011). Inclusion in education: A step towards social justice. International Journal of Educational Development, 31, 50-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2010.06.009

    Polat, S. (2007). Eğitim politikalarının sosyal adalet açısından sonuçları konusunda yönetici ve öğretmen görüşleri [Educational policies social justice in terms of results about view of administrator and teachers]. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Ankara University, Ankara. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 07/08/2020

    Reindal, S. M. (2016). Discussing inclusive education: An inquiry into different interpretations and a search for ethical aspects of inclusion using the capabilities approach. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 31(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2015.1087123

    Simon, C., Echeita, G., Sandoval, M., & Lopez, M. (2010). The inclusive educational process of students with visual impairments in Spain: An analysis from the perspective of organization. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(9), 565-570. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145482X1010400

    Şimşek, Ü. (2019). Sosyal bilgiler öğretmenlerinin kapsayıcı eğitime yönelik tutum ve özyeterlikleri ile sınıf içi uygulamalara ilişkin görüşlerinin karşılaştırılması [Comparison of social studies teachers' attitudes and self-efficacy towards ınclusive education and their views on classroom practices]. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Gazi University, Ankara. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 01/07/2020

    Şimşek, Ü,. & Kılcan, B. (2019). Inclusive education through the eyes of teachers. International Journal of Psychology and Education Studies (IJPES), 6(3), 27-37. https://doi.org/10.17220/ijpes.2019.03.004

    Şimşek, Ü. (2020). Investigation of the postgraduate theses about inclusive education in Turkey. In T. Çetin, Y. Dikmenli, & A. Sezer (Eds.). New trends in educational sciences (pp. 413-424). Lithuania: SRA Academic Publishing. 

    Şimşek, Ü. (2021). Kapsayıcı eğitimin sosyal bilgiler eğitimindeki yeri [The place of inclusive education in social studies education]. In Ş. İlgün & E. Altıntaş (Eds.). Yenidünya ekseninde güncel eğitim araştırmaları [Current educational research on the axis of the new world]. (pp.159-176). Ankara: İksad.

    Turkish Language Society. (2020). Güncel Türkçe Sözlük [Current Turkish Dictionary], Retrieved from https://sozluk.gov.tr/ Access Date: 12/11/2020

    Tekin-Bozkurt, A., & Yılmaz-Özturk Z. (2022). Bibliometric analysis of published research on inclusive education. Journal of Innovative Research in Teacher Education, 3(2), 161-174. https://doi.org/10.29329/jirte.2022.464.7

    Tomul, E. (2009). Opinions of administrators on social justice practices in elementary schools. Education and Science, 34(152), 126-137. Retrieved from http://egitimvebilim.ted.org.tr/index.php/EB/article/view/597/77 Access Date: 12/10/2021

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2015). Education 2030: Incheon Declaration and Framework for Action for the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 4. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from https://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/education-2030-incheon-framework-for-action-implementation-of-sdg4-2016-en_2.pdf Access Date: 04/04/2009

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2001). The open file on inclusive education. Retrieved from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000125237 Access Date: 11/03/2008

    Vitello, S. J., & Mithaug, D. E. (Eds.). (1998). Inclusive Schooling: National and International Perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Vural, K. (2020). Öğretmenlerin sosyal adalete dayalı uygulama süreçlerinin incelenmesi [Investigation of the process of teachers’ social justice implementations]. (Unpublished Master's Thesis). Kocaeli University, Kocaeli. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 18/02/2021

    Wendorf, C. A., Alexander, S., & Firestone, I. J. (2002). Social justice and moral reasoning: An empirical integration of two paradigms in psychological research. Social Justice Research, 15(1), 19-39. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1016093614893 Access Date: 13/09/2009

    Yıldırım, F. (2011). Üniversite gençliği “Sosyal adalet”ten ne anlıyor? Sosyal adalet ilkeleri bağlamında bir eğilim belirleme araştırması [What do university students comprehend from “social justıce”? A research determining tendency on the context of the social justice principles]. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Ankara University, Ankara. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 01/02/2009

    Yıldırım, E. (2021). Okul müdürlerinin sosyal adalet liderliğinin öğretmen motivasyonuna etkisinin incelenmesi [Examining of the effect of principals’ social justice leadership on teacher motivation]. (Unpublished Master's Thesis). Karabük University, Karabük. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/  Access Date: 30/06/2022